CHAPTER 3 - The John Carson Family
The following information is to be considered as "possible"
inasmuch as there is very little information available on John Carson Sr., his wife,
and children, other than John C. Carson (Jr.). From the censuses we know
the age of John C. and his birthplace, as well as the ages and birthplaces of
his children. Thus, we are certain that the John Carson family was in
South Carolina from 1790 until 1816, when John C.'s daughter Sarah Ann Swan
Carson was born, then in Franklin County, Alabama after 1818, when Thomas
Henderson Carson was born.
Many suppositions have been made in the following, and research is continuing to
correct and improve it.
17 John Sr. CARSON was
Abbeville County, South Carolina in the census of 1790. His family is
1 male under 16 (John C. would have been 4, since he
was born in 1786)
2 males over 16
In the census of 1800, his family was listed as:
1 male under 10
2 males 10 to 16 (John C. would have been 14)
1 male 26 to 45
3 females under 10
1 female 10 to 16
1 female 26 to 45
In the census of 1810, his family was listed as:
3 males under 10
1 male 16 to 26 (John C. would have been 24)
1 male over 45
1 female 10 to 16
2 females 16 to 26 (Elizabeth Henderson Carson may be
1 female over 45
Based on the above, both John Sr. and his wife would have been born between 1755
and 1765. Of the census data for South Carolina during this period, only
the John Carson family of Abbeville County, SC, meets the age criteria.
Also, note that the information received on the Barbee Family stated that the
father of Amelia (Barbee) Carson was John C. Carson Jr., indicating that John
C.'s father was also a John, possibly a John C. Therefore, until better
information is received, it will be deduced that the John discussed above is the
father of John C. Carson of Brazos County, Texas.
There were 4 John Carsons serving in the Revolution from South Carolina, one of
which subsequently migrated to Kentucky, one died in combat, and one is in the
Thomas Carson family, leaving one likely candidate. This John Carson
served in the militia from 14 September, 1779 to 15 November, 1781.
John C. Carson may have served in the military during the War of 1812, as there
was a John Carson, private, Austin's Regiment of South Carolina Militia.
There was a sale of land in Abbeville County, South Carolina, on 12 March, 1817,
in the vicinity of Rehobeth Church. James Henderson Sr. (who may be
related to Elizabeth Henderson Carson), sold land to John Carson Sr. and James
Carson. Also among the buyers were Ellender Henderson, Richard Henderson
Sr., Lee Henderson, and Mathew Henderson. These are probably all related
to John C. Carson and Elizabeth (Henderson) Carson.
Nothing else is known of John Sr. Carson or his wife, the mother of John C.
Children of John Sr. CARSON and (18) Unknown CARSON were:
+16 John C. Carson
16 John C. CARSON was born in 1786 in Abbeville Co., SC.
He appeared on the census of Franklin
Co., AL in 1820. The census shows 2 males over 21, 3 males under 21, 1 female
over 21, 1 female under 21, and 6 slaves. He appeared on the census of 1830,
Franklin Co., AL. John S. Carson appeared on the census in 1840 in Franklin Co., AL, and was in
Harrison Co., MS in the census of 1850. According to the census, his grandson,
Nathan F. Pickens, age 5, born in AL, was living with John S. (It is assumed
that NFP’s parents had died, probably in an epidemic). He first appeared on
the tax rolls of Leon County, Texas in 1853, with no land owned but having 12
slaves, a horse, and 8 cows, for a total taxable value of $6750 (a substantial
sum in those days). He was on the tax rolls in 1857, owning 11 slaves, 4 horses, 11 cows, and having a
total value of $6750. He was in
Brazos Co., TX in the 1860 slave census, and had 14 slaves. He was in the 1860
census in Brazos Co., TX, and had 15 acres of improved land, 1271 acres not
improved. According to the tax rolls of 1860, his cash value was $6430, with
property worth $12,223 based on 14 slaves, 6 horses, and 41 cows. He owned a
total of 1456 acres.
His will was probated on 16 March, 1865 (he had
died on 11 March, 1865, shortly before the end of the War of Northern
Aggression). Conditions of the will were as follows: to Nathan F.
Carson, $730 and two slaves, Anthony and Eda, valued at $1880; to
Thomas H. Carson, $300 and three slaves, Julia, Jerry and Isaac, valued
at $1600; to James R. Carson, the 412 acre homestead and slaves Henry
and Mary, valued at $1830, to Sarah Ann. S. McDonald (of MS), two
slaves, John and Jane, valued at $1700;to Emily D. Thetford, two slaves
Mahala and Silva, valued at $1600.to Margaret W. Thetford, three
slaves, Eda, Aaron, and Ella, valued at $1700; to Amelia W. Barbee, a
slave and her child, Matilda and Charles, and a woman named Charlotte;
all valued at $1700; to Nathan F. Pickens, $400. The remainder of the
estate is to be sold and divided equally among all the children.
He was married to (19) Elizabeth (Henderson) CARSON,
who it is believed was born in South Carolina, and died in 1846, either in
Alabama or Mississippi.
Nothing else is known of her. Children of John C. CARSON and Elizabeth (Henderson) CARSON were:
+63 Nathan Franklin CARSON
+64 Thomas Henderson CARSON
(note his middle name)
+65 James R. CARSON
+66 Sarah Ann Swan (Carson) McDONALD
[see chapter 14}
+67 Emily D. (Carson) THETFORD
+68 Margaret W. A. (Carson) THETFORD
+69 Amelia W. (Carson) BARBEE
[see chapter 16]
+70 Susan Ann or Nancy (Carson) PICKENS (assumed
mother of Nathan F.
1. "Roster of South Carolina Patriots in the American
Revolution", Bobby Gilmer Moss,
Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983
2. "South Carolinians in the War of 1812", http://www.geocities.com.
3. The diary of Rev. W. S. South of Brazos County, Texas, which is in the Cushing
Ruth Hull Papers, Texas A & M University Library, College Station,
Texas. (This pertains to the death of John S. Carson)
4. The journal of Emily McDonald Snowden, daughter of Sarah
Ann Swan (Carson)
McDonald, and granddaughter of John C.
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